An Argument for Creation
All arguments for how the universe came into being can basically be classified as one of four possibilities (you may be able to come up with others, but I'm sure they can be shown to fit under one of these four classifications):
Let us handle each of these one at a time:
- the universe is itself eternal
- the universe came into being spontaneously
- the universe created itself
- something or someone, eternal and possessing existence in and of itself, independent of (or transcendent of) the universe
created the universe.
1) The universe itself is eternal.
If the universe were eternal, it would have existed for eternity past, and would exist for eternity to come. The problem with that is that we know the universe is "running down". The universe is dying of heat loss, energy loss. We all know, and agree, that second law of thermodynamics (entropy) is a very real thing, and no one argues with it as one of the proven laws of physics. Everything is moving from a state of order to a state of disorder. If the universe is running down or dying, then it will not exist for eternity to come. If you consider that it is winding down, it could not have existed for eternity past either. There must have been someone, or something, which existed prior to the universe, in order to wind the universe up. Therefore, the universe is not eternal.
2) The universe came into being spontaneously.
We know that "from nothing comes nothing". So the universe couldn't just have happened. However, the evolutionists, or at least those who hold to the Big Bang Theory, have another explanation that seems to fit into this one: the point of singularity. The theory goes something like this: before the universe existed as we know it, everything was concentrated into a small point, known as the point of singularity. It existed in a stable state for eternity past, until one day, "bang". Thus the universe leapt into being. Unfortunately, in holding to this, the scientists are contradicting themselves. If the point of singularity existed in a stable state, why did it suddenly explode? The laws of physics tell us that "an object in motion will remain in motion unless acted upon by an outside force and an object at rest will remain at rest unless acted upon by an outside force." If all matter and energy existed in a single point in a stable state, then in order for it to suddenly explode into the universe, an outside force must act upon it. But if everything existed within that point, what would there be to act upon it from the outside? So you can see, this argument falls apart as well.
3) The universe created itself.
How can this happen? Let us begin with the assumption that the universe does not exist. In order to have the ability to create, something must exist. Therefore, in order to create itself, the universe must exist. At this point we come to the conclusion that, in order to create itself, the universe must exist and not exist at the same time. Can this be possible? In logic, there is a rule called the "law of non-contradiction". The law of non-contradiction states that A cannot be A and not A at the same time in the same relationship. In order for the universe to create itself, it must exist. However, if it must exist, then it cannot not exist. Thus we find this argument contradicting the law of non-contradiction, because in order for the universe to create itslef, it must exist and not exist at the same time. So we reach the conclusion that this is not a viable solution.
4) Something or someone independent of (or transcendent of) the universe created the universe.
After examining and, by logic, being forced to discard the other possibilities, we have this one remaining solution. This solution could even fulfill the shortcomings of the first two possibilities (an outside someone could have "wound up" the universe for #1, and this could account for the necessary outside force in #2). This is the only viable solution. When we accept this as the only solution possible, we are then forced to realize that the real question is not whether the universe was created, but who created it.
Many others arguments in favor of creation exist. For more information and other arguments on the
creation/evolution debate, visit The Revolution Against Evolution.